Maritime endeavours are a key component of Dubai’s history. The city was originally established as a trad¬ing port and achieved its prosperity chiefly from pearl exports. The discovery of oil in the emirate in the 1960s not only created a new source of wealth, but also encouraged the nation to develop modern maritime infrastructure, as oil exports relied heavily on shipping. In recent years, maritime facilities have been instrumental in Dubai’s efforts to diversify its economy. As part of a larger network of transport, logistics and free zones, the maritime industry is one of the cornerstones of Dubai’s economy. This chapter contains an interview with Sultan Ahmed bin Sulayem, Chairman, Ports, Customs & Free Zone Corporation and Dubai Maritime City Authority.