This chapter includes the following articles.
As a direct beneficiary of the government’s current economic strategy, which focuses on major infrastructure, housing and energy investment, and a key player in the ongoing shift of government functions from Dar es Salaam to Dodoma, the construction industry is undergoing significant expansion in both absolute and relative terms. The pace of growth has been fast, with the overall sector valuation jumping from $1.6bn in 2010 to $6bn by 2015, and its contribution GDP growing from 7.4% in 2006 to 13.6% in 2015 on mainland Tanzania, and from 7.7% to 9.5% on the Zanzibar archipelago. The government is betting that short-term struggles caused by rooting out corruption will pay dividends over the long term by providing a more predictable operating environment in which domestic builders can thrive. Tanzania has relatively young real estate sector, with large-scale commercial development only taking off in the 1990s. While public sector actors historically handled the largest projects in the country, private sector players are now playing an increasingly important role in developing residential, office and commercial space. However, the industry in mainland Tanzania is growing more slowly than the economy overall, with its contribution to GDP declining steadily in the past 10 years, from 6.1% in 2006 to 3.2% in 2015. Cost sensitivity remains a significant concern, not only directly in terms of house sales, but also indirectly in terms of demand for formal retail and commercial space, since approximately three-quarters of the population live on $2 or less per day. As a result, the country will most likely have to depend on government intervention and innovative financing to help address demand at the lower end of the real estate market, while higher-end residential and commercial spaces are left in the hands of private sector developers. This chapter contains an interview with Dhruv Jog, Managing Director, Advent Construction.