This chapter includes the following articles.
South Africa’s mining industry is the fifth largest in the world and the country has around 80% of global platinum reserves, 11% of gold reserves, and some of the largest supplies of chrome ore and manganese. The sector’s contribution to GDP has, however, been on a steady decline, falling to just under 5% in 2013 from 11% two decades earlier. Reversing this trend is a top government priority, considering mining’s importance to employment and foreign exchange earnings. Although domestic output is showing signs of a cyclical contraction, with reserves estimated to be worth $2.5trn, there remains plenty of wealth underground to still be reached. Much of this is being unlocked via advanced extraction technologies but is still awaiting new and upgraded transportation and power infrastructure to come on-stream. South Africa should retain its position as a global mining powerhouse, as few can match its sheer size and variety of reserves.
This chapter contains interview with Ngoako Ramatlhodi, Minister of Mineral Resources; and Neal Froneman, CEO, Sibanye Gold.