This chapter includes the following articles.
Egypt’s energy sector has traditionally been defined by the country’s status as the largest oil producer outside of the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and the third-largest producer of dry natural gas in Africa. Its control over the Suez Canal, meanwhile, places it at the centre of the global energy network, safeguarding shipments between the Gulf, Europe and North America. In recent years the government has implemented an energy strategy aimed at eliminating power shortages and harnessing the private sector to broaden the range of energy inputs. The fruits of this effort are a transformation of a power deficit into a power surplus, the revitalisation of Egypt’s liquefied natural gas sector, and the emergence of solar and wind industries that are establishing the country as a leader for renewables.