Saudi Arabia Energy

Chapter | Energy from The Report: Saudi Arabia 2020

Saudi Arabia’s energy sector remains the backbone of the economy. As of March 2020 energy operations were facing the twin challenges of low oil...

Saudi Arabia’s decision to weaken the link between hydrocarbons and economic growth, and pursue a policy of diversification has seen a wide range of projects come to fruition in the last several years. While at present the Covid-19 pandemic and the unprecedented plunge in oil prices are causing significant short-term uncertainty, the reforms that have been put in place in recent years should stand the Kingdom in good stead over the longer term.

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The ongoing UN Climate Change Conference in Glasgow has underlined how increased adoption of low-carbon energy sources will be key to reducing global emissions. While it is not without its detractors, many agree that nuclear power has a role to play in this.

The global oil industry had yet to recover from the price crash of 2014-15 by the time the pandemic hit in early 2020, which meant that upstream operators and service providers were already grappling with cost-related challenges and falling profit margins.

With hydrocarbons-rich countries in the Gulf increasingly looking to reduce their carbon emissions, some in the region are turning towards multi-coloured hydrogen as a more environmentally sustainable solution.


Natural gas looks likely to play an increasingly important role in Saudi Arabia’s economy in the years ahead as the Kingdom begins to tap into new reservoirs that are poised to satisfy the growing demand from the power generation, desalination and industrial sectors. Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman Al Saud, the minister of energy, hinted that the...


Crude oil remains Saudi Arabia’s biggest asset, and economies around the world are reliant on how the Kingdom responds to challenges. At 2019 production rates, Saudi Arabia’s known reserves are expected to last more than 50 years, and at the start of that year more than 80% of the oil produced by the state-owned energy company, Saudi Aramco,...


Saudi Arabia’s energy sector remains the backbone of the economy. While the country’s reliance on the commodity exposes it to external shocks, domestic energy policy and influence within the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) can work to dramatically shape international oil prices, which in turn affects many parts of the...

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