Mongolia Energy

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Mongolia’s reputation as a suitable destination for foreign investment suffered in 2012, as mining companies along with those in other sectors came under a new and restrictive legal regime: the Strategic Entities Foreign Investment Law of Mongolia, which passed in May. This legislation, combined with a high-profile merger, the government’s...

With ageing facilities, constraints that discourage efficiency and growing demand, Mongolia’s energy sector faces a number of challenges. Geography makes it reliant on one supplier for refined fuels, with a tenuous supply and a high purchase price. Several projects in the works now have the potential to reverse this trend, if they are successful....

Though largely part of the informal economy, Mongolia is nevertheless no stranger to renewable energy – solar panels are a common sight perched outside gers (herders’ felt tents) across the country, used to power televisions and lamps. These account for only an estimated 0.1% of the country’s electricity mix, however. Yet the renewables story...

With the economy growing 17.3% in 2011, the numbers show a broad-based expansion, but ultimately the mining sector was and will continue to be Mongolia’s main GDP driver. The country is on the verge of breaking through as the next major resources economy, and is perfectly situated just to the north of perhaps the world’s most resource-hungry economy...

The ongoing search for fuel alternatives in Mongolia was stepped up after a shortage in the summer of 2011, and energy sector leaders are now exploring alternatives and supplements to buying from Russian state energy firm Rosneft. One possibility is coal-to-liquids (CTL) technology, a good fit given the country’s huge coal reserves. Several...

Looming on the long-term horizon is a major constraint for the mining sector: water. Though Mongolia’s mineral resources are scattered throughout the country, most of the ones now in development are in the Gobi Desert, the driest part of the country. That includes Oyu Tolgoi (OT) and Tavan Tolgoi (TT), the megaprojects that will in the near future...