Egypt

Located at the geographic centre of the MENA region, Egypt has a well-documented history that has seen it accumulate knowledge and wealth over millennia. Egypt proved resilient during the Covid-19 pandemic: it was the only country in the MENA region to record positive GDP growth in 2020. Its economy has been widely driven by the execution of Egypt Vision 2030. This plan notably aims to increase annual GDP to 12% in 2030.

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Egypt’s young, urban and tech-savvy population and well-connected middle class, combined with rising internet and mobile penetration rates, are driving the expansion of e-commerce. Confidence in the space has grown considerably since the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic, with sector revenue increasing at a rate of around 30% in 2018 and 2019 before escalating to almost 70% in...

Egypt’s industry and manufacturing sector, which accounts for around 15% of total GDP, plays a prominent role in the country’s economic development agenda, which emphasises innovation, sustainability and enhanced ties with the African continent. Indeed, scaling up investment in manufacturing is a policy priority as the country accelerates industrialisation and shifts from low-...

Egypt’s rising population, affluent middle class, and emerging secondary cities have led to rising sales growth in shopping malls, convenience stores, supermarket and hypermarket chains, and e-commerce platforms. Recent government legislation supporting the development of commercial retail spaces has also encouraged the private sector to make significant investment in the...

What role can rail transport play in improving the sustainability of cities with high population densities, such as Cairo?

The government of Egypt’s long-term strategy for transport is based on maintaining a reliable logistics value chain by increasing the efficiency and competitiveness of its infrastructure. The Covid-19 pandemic affected global supply lines and caused disruptions to transport connections and cross-border travel from 2020 into 2022, with demand shocks being felt across multiple...

As environmental concerns become increasingly pressing for governments and businesses alike, the shipping industry is taking steps to reduce its carbon footprint. In August 2021 Danish shipping company Maersk, the world’s largest container shipping line, announced that it had invested $1.4bn in eight new vessels to be powered by methanol, rather than oil-based fuels. The ships...

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