Cover of The Report: Indonesia 2012

The Report: Indonesia 2012

An archipelago of over 17,500 islands, Indonesia is today the world’s fourth-largest country by population, at 245m. The astonishing diversity of ethnicities and cultures comes together in a democratic framework under the pancasila, or “five principles”: nationalism, humanitarianism, representative democracy, social welfare and monotheism

Historically, much of the country’s economic growth has depended on the extraction and export of vast endowments of natural resources, from oil and gas to tin, nickel, timber, copper, coal, gold, and silver. Indonesia is the world’s number one coal exporter, with over 61bn tonnes of reserves located mainly in Kalimantan (Borneo) and Sumatera. More recently, palm oil cultivation has become a major export industry, driven by the expansion of plantations as well as a surge in illegal rainforest logging. Indonesia is hoping to boost its production of value-added exports, but it will need major investments in infrastructure to help maintain its status as a rising Asian tiger.

Interviews & Viewpoints

OBG & Indonesia