Bahrain Energy Articles & Analysis

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At what stage of development is the Sitra Refinery Master Plan, and how will upgrades to the Arabia-Bahrain (AB) pipeline affect refinery operations?

Chapter | Energy from The Report: Bahrain 2013

The hydrocarbons industry is a key contributor to the economy, accounting for around 22% of GDP in 2012 as well as some 75% of government revenues. Efforts to boost production are expected to see output reach 100,000 barrels per day by 2020. The government has pledged to invest $15bn in the hydrocarbons sector over the next 30 years, with energy diversification and a growing focus on solar and...

Bahrain has remained largely insulated from international external risks and has weathered the global economic shocks of the recent past relatively well. At the height of the international financial downturn, for example, the kingdom avoided falling into recession and even achieved real GDP growth of more than 6% in 2008 and over 3% in 2009. 

The Kingdom is moving toward finalising plans to refurbish its only oil refinery, part of a wider programme that will see the Gulf’s first oil producer increase its focus on value-added downstream activities, rather than depending on its ever-decreasing reserves for revenue.

The Kingdom has edged one step closer to developing a viable alternative energy infrastructure with its implementation of a solar energy project in the Awali Township of Manama. The 5MW, utility-scale photovoltaic solar facility was arranged as a joint venture between the National Oil and Gas Authority (NOGA), the Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO), Caspian Energy Holdings and Petra Solar.

The Dar An-Naft, or “House of Oil”, is a museum in Awali that tells the story of how the Kingdom’s discovery of oil in 1932 transformed an economy based on pearl trading to one of hydrocarbons, blazing a trail that the rest of the Gulf states subsequently followed.