Country Coverage
Papua New Guinea

The largest of the Pacific Island nations, Papua New Guinea (PNG) occupies the eastern half of New Guinea and hundreds of nearby islands. A mountainous and forested terrain has led to astonishing cultural and linguistic diversity, even as it inhibited development. The vast majority of the country’s population is engaged in agriculture, which accounts for approximately one third of GDP. Exports, however, are dominated by minerals, primarily copper and gold. A massive liquefied natural gas plant, meanwhile, is expected to transform PNG’s economy and society over the next several decades. PNG’s challenge will be to harness these increased revenues in a transparent and equitable manner to develop the country.

Chapter Summary